January Is Cervical Health Awareness Month

January is Cervical Health Awareness Month. What is the cervix you ask? The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus. The cervix is two inches long, and is shaped like a tubular donut. Its main function is to widen during childbirth to allow for the passage of the baby. However, it also allows for the passage of menstrual fluid from the uterus, and for sperm to travel through to reach the uterus during conception.

The cervix is vulnerable to several health conditions, such as dysplasia, polyps, chronic inflammation, and cancer. Unfortunately, these cervical conditions rarely present symptoms in the early stages; therefore, a regular Pap smear from a gynecologist is vital.

What Is The Pap Smear Test?

Let’s talk about Pap smears. A Pap smear, or Pap test, is a screening procedure that checks for cervical cancer. Detecting cervical cancer early —with a Pap smear — gives you a much greater chance at a cure.

During a Pap smear, cells are very gently scraped from the opening of the cervix and examined under a microscope for abnormal growth. It may be slightly uncomfortable, but should not cause any long-term pain. A Pap smear test is done at your OB/GYN’s or doctor’s office — visit our North Atlanta OB/GYN clinic today to enjoy superior care to keep you healthy.

Why Do I Need This Test?

Getting a regular Pap test can be life-saving. It is recommended to start routine Pap smear tests at age 21. Starting at age 21, women should get Pap smears every 3 years. 

The goal of routine Pap smear testing is to diagnose cervical cancer in its early stages or to prevent any precancerous disease from progressing to cervical cancer.

How Often Do You Need A Pap Smear?

How often a Pap smear is needed is determined by various factors, including your age and risk of cervical cancer. Recommendations vary and should be individualized for each woman. In particular, if you have a compromised immune system, a history of precancerous, or cancerous lesions.

Age and Pap Smear Frequency

  • Less than 21 years old — None needed
  • 21-29 — Every 3 years
  • 30-65 —Pap test and HPV test together every 5 years is preferred; however, a Pap smear alone every 3 years is acceptable.
  • 65 and older — You may no longer need a Pap test; talk to your OB/GYN to help determine your needs

What Do My Pap Test Results Mean?

Your test results will either be normal or abnormal. If you get an abnormal Pap test result, this usually does not mean that you have cancer. In fact, it often means a minor cervical concern. Moreover, your test results may not mean you have a problem. Test results may vary depending on your health history, age, and the method used for the Pap test, among other factors. Ask your OB/GYN what your Pap test results mean for you.

Occasionally, a Pap test has a false-positive result. This means you don’t have a cervical problem, even though the test results show you do. Your OB/GYN or healthcare provider can do another Pap test to confirm the initial results. Or they may recommend other tests such as a colposcopy.

What Might Affect My Pap Test Results?

The ideal time to schedule a Pap smear test is 10 to 20 days after the first day of your last period. For the most accurate test results, avoid having sex or using tampons, vaginal creams, deodorant sprays and powders, douches, contraceptive foams, and jellies for 2 days before your exam. While a Pap smear can still be performed, it is recommended not to have the test while you’re menstruating.

What Other Tests Might I Have Along With This Test?

Your OB/GYN will likely administer a pelvic exam along with a Pap test. During the pelvic exam, your OB/GYN will exam the visual and physical female reproductive organs. Depending on your age, and some other factors, your tissue samples collected from the Pap smear can also be tested for the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Infection with some types of HPV may put you at risk for cervical cancer.

Pap smears are screening tests, which means that an abnormal pap smear doesn’t give a diagnosis of precancerous cells or cancerous cells. If you have an abnormal Pap test result, your OB/GYN or healthcare provider will most likely order other tests.

These may include:

  • The cervix and vagina are looked at with a microscope called a colposcope, which magnifies any abnormal areas.
  • Endocervical curettage. Cells are taken from the cervix’s opening with a spoon-shaped tool and then looked at under a microscope. This may be done during your colposcopy.
  • A small tissue sample is taken from the cervix and looked at under a microscope. This also may be done during the colposcopy.

An HPV Screening Can Easily Be Scheduled At The Same Time

HPV is a virus that can cause warts and increases the chance of cervical cancer. If you have HPV, you may have an increased risk of cervical cancer. It is recommended to continually get regular Pap smears based on your age, regardless of your sexual activity status. That is because the HPV virus can be dormant for years and then suddenly become active.

We strive to give every patient the utmost care and comfort. Our doctors and nurse practitioners are committed to our patients and the surrounding community. As one of the best obstetrics and gynecology practices, we provide the best possible care by creating trusted and safe environments for women. Visit our North Atlanta OB/GYN clinic today — learn more about us here.

Featured on the Jan/Feb 2020 Atlantan Magazine List of Leading Health & Beauty Experts

What do you get when you combine the warm welcome of your best girlfriend with a highly trained medical doctor? Keisa Anderson. Dr. Anderson always wanted to make a positive impact in the lives of women, so she decided to become an OB/GYN. After attending medical school at the Medical College of Georgia, she went on to complete her residency at Washington Hospital Center in Washington D.C. The Atlanta-native knew she wanted to return to her roots to care for the women of her beloved hometown and after a few years of practice, she joined North Atlanta OB/GYN. Helping women understand and admire their bodies throughout the various seasons of life is Dr. Anderson’s passion. She has helped countless women achieve their health goals through individualized care with nutrition, exercise, and more customized treatments like hormone optimization, BioTE, and MonaLisa Touch laser vaginal rejuvenation therapy. With more than 16 years of experience, Dr. Anderson still enjoys all aspects of women’s health. Whether she is guiding her patients to the right form of contraception, supporting a healthy pregnancy and labor experience, or providing relief from things like fibroids, abnormal periods, decreased libido, or menopause, you can always be certain of one thing, you are going to leave her office feeling like you just had coffee with your smartest girlfriend.

Taking Action On Prematurity Awareness Month

Taking Action On Prematurity Awareness Month

November is National Prematurity Awareness Month — let’s celebrate taking action. We’ve gathered some commonly known ways in which expectant mothers can avoid a premature birth event. As a women’s healthcare provider, we are proud to be a resource of health, wellness, and support.

Premature or preterm birth is often an unplanned event in a woman’s pregnancy. In 2018, it was recorded that about 1 in 10 babies are born preterm, or before completing the standard 37 to 40 weeks of pregnancy. Depending on the causes of delivery and how early a baby is born, it can also be an emergency. Several factors can put a pregnant woman at a higher risk of having premature labor and delivery.

Awareness of strategies to delay and prevent premature birth can help the mother have the most enjoyable pregnancy. Preparing in advance can help you proactively manage your time of pregnancy to be a good and positive experience. About 50% of the time, when a premature birth occurs, the cause or causes are unknown. However, some causes and signs of premature birth are commonly known.

Some Commonly Known Risk Factors:

1. Twins
One significant risk factor for premature labor and delivery is when a woman is pregnant with twins or multiple babies. Over recent years, the rate of twins and multiple babies has increased.  Fertility drugs and other assisted reproduction techniques are considered to be the main reason for an increase in twins, triplets, quadruplets, quintuplets, and more. Mothers of twins and multiple babies often go into premature labor spontaneously.

  • About half of all twin deliveries occur at 36 weeks or less.
  • Half of triplets deliver before 32 weeks or less.
  • Additionally when giving birth to multiple babies, early labor may need to be induced due to complications.

2. Infections
Another critical risk factor to be aware of is infections. Some types of infections that can result in premature births are as follows.

Untreated Urinary Infections:
Urinary infections can double the risk of premature birth. Your obstetrician will periodically be screening for urinary infections at the expectant mother’s medical visits. If a urinary infection is discovered, antibiotics may be prescribed for treatment.

Bacterial Vaginosis:
Bacterial vaginosis doubles the risk of premature birth. A light or heavy vaginal discharge that has a mild “fishy” smell can be one of the easily noticeable symptoms. This infection can also be treated with antibiotics.

3. Body Stresses
Other factors for premature labor and delivery include particular stress to your body from substances or physical demands. These risks include anemia, slow maternal weight gain, stressful work habits, smoking, drinking alcohol, and using drugs.

Some other risk factors for premature birth include prior multiple abortions, low pre-pregnancy weight, and being under 17 or over 40 years of age. Being aware of these risks can help you and your doctor determine whether you and your baby need special care to prevent premature labor.

If you at high risk due to these factors mentioned above, your physician can help take special precautions to ensure the best outcomes for you and your new baby.

A Few Tips For Prevention:

  1. Eat a nutritious and balanced diet. A nutritious, well-balanced diet is vital to the health of you and your baby.
  2. Try to minimize the stress in your life whenever possible. Deal with stress using relaxation techniques, nutrition, and rest. Exercise is also a good stress reliever if you are cleared to do so by your doctor. If you are clear, you should avoid heavy lifting. If your physician thinks you are at high risk for premature labor, they may suggest that you refrain from having sexual intercourse.
  3. Prevent infections as much as possible.
  4. Quit smoking before your pregnancy, or as early as you can during the pregnancy.
  5. Avoid drinking alcohol and using recreational drugs. This can be significant in improving the outcome of your pregnancy and the health of your new baby.
  6. Make sure to advise your health care provider of all medications that you are taking. Some medications can be harmful to your pregnancy and might need to be phased out beforehand.
  7. It’s essential to maintain a healthy body weight throughout your pregnancy. Your increase in weight may vary; make sure to discuss with your health care provider what is right for you. If you are under 17 years or over 35 years of age, carrying twins or multiple babies, your nutrition and optimal prenatal care is particularly important.

About North Atlanta OB/GYN

We strive to give every patient the utmost care and comfort. As one of the best obstetrics and gynecology practices, we provide the best possible care by creating trusted and safe environments for women.

Our team is made up of highly qualified board-certified physicians and nurse practitioners. We prioritize comfortable office settings, a well-trained staff, and sincere smiles. Dedicated to empowering our patients, we provide the best practices and newest technology to manage your health.

Our doctors and nurse practitioners are committed to our patients and the surrounding community. Visit our North Atlanta OBGYN clinic today to enjoy personal and superior women’s care to keep you healthy.

Everything You Need To Know About Miscarriage

Everything You Need To Know About Miscarriage

Everything You Need To Know About Miscarriage

Miscarriage is when a woman is pregnant and the baby dies within the womb within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. This is also referred to as early pregnancy loss and it usually happens within the first trimester, usually before the 12th week. Up to 15% of pregnancies often end in miscarriage. Sometimes, it happens even without the woman knowing that she is pregnant.

You might have also heard of repeat miscarriages. This type of pregnancy loss is recurrent, and your miscarriages can be called ‘repeat miscarriages’ when it has happened two or three times already, in a row. In most cases, the cause is unknown and the woman can still have a healthy an successful pregnancy despite the repeated miscarriages.

 

Causes of Miscarriage and Repeat Miscarriages

There is no exact set cause of miscarriages. However, there are factors that have been known to cause these. These includes:

1. Chromosomal Issues – a huge percentage of the total number of miscarriages is attributed to the wrong number of chromosomes in the fertilized egg. When this happens, it is pretty random – it’s not something parents can pass to their children. Chromosome problems also come in many forms. Some examples of these include blighted ovum, intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), molar pregnancy, and translocation. Translocation happens when some parts of a chromosome moves to another chromosome. This is a problem that can lead to repeated miscarriages. IUFD is a problem that can stem from a chromosomal issue which leads to the fetus dying inside the wound. In most cases, the fetus just stops developing and dies while being carried by the mother. There are cases when the mother carries the lifeless fetus inside the womb for weeks without knowing its status. Blighted ovum is when the embryo manages to implant itself in the uterus but stops developing. Molar pregnancy refers to pregnancies wherein the fertilized egg does not develop into a fetus but instead turns into an abnormal mass.

2. Uterine or cervical issues
Some of the problems that cause miscarriages are due to uterine and cervical issues. The can include septate uterus, Asherman syndrome, fibroids and cervical insufficiency. When a woman has a septate uterus, her uterus is divided by a band of tissues into two sections. This is a condition that some women are born with and surgery is usually done in order to repair the uterus before the woman should try to get pregnant. Otherwise, the pregnancy will just lead to miscarriage.

Fibroids can also cause miscarriages. Fibroids are scars or growths inside the uterus which are sometimes from previous surgeries. These growths and scars ideally should be removed before a woman should try to get pregnant, otherwise, these fibroids can hinder fetal growth and even blood supply, leading to a miscarriage.

Incompetent cervix is another anatomical cause of miscarriages. This occurs when early into the pregnancy, the cervix of the mother opens without pain or contractions. The solution for this is to add some stitches on the cervix to keep it closed until the mother is ready to give birth.

3.  Infections
Infections also play a huge role in miscarriages. Common ones include sexually transmitted diseases. If infection is suspected, contact a health care provider immediately so that proper treatment will be carried out and a miscarriage can be prevented.

Risk for Miscarriages

There are some factors that causes other women to be more at risk for miscarriages than others. These includes being older than 35, having previous miscarriages, use of drugs, alcohol, and smoking, chemical exposure, autoimmune disorders and other health conditions, obesity and hormonal problems. If a woman has diabetes, thyroid issues, and uterine trauma, these can also increase the risk for miscarriages. Consuming too much caffeine while pregnant can also lead to miscarriage.

Signs and Symptoms To Watch Out For

If you are pregnant, you should stay alert and you need to watch out for signs and symptoms that could indicate danger for you and your unborn baby. The things to watch out for includes spotting or bleeding, cramps, severe pain. When you have these symptoms, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you will surely miscarry. When you have these signs and symptoms, call your health provider right away. Tests can be done to determine the status of your baby. If your baby is truly at risk, there are treatments and medications available that can be used to prevent the miscarriage from actually happening.

After a Miscarriage

There are also treatments that need to be done after miscarriage or repeat miscarriages. One is called D&C, which stands for dilatation and curettage. This is done to clean up your uterus, and to make sure that there are no remaining tissue from the fetus that is left in the womb. If there are tissues left, these can cause irreversible damages and serious complications later on. The dilatation and curettage is done by dilating the cervix and removing remaining tissue in the womb using a curette.

Taking certain medications is also one way to let tissues pass from the body. This could be another option that your health care provider will present to you in case of a miscarriage.

 

Further Tests You Might Need

If it is your first miscarriage and it happened in the first trimester, additional medical tests may not be necessary. After all, it’s usually difficult to ascertain what causes a miscarriage within this period. However, in cases of repeat miscarriages or if your miscarriage occurred during the second trimester, some tests may be recommended by your health care provider. These tests can include chromosome tests, blood tests, hormone tests, and physical examination of the uterus. Examinations may also include an ultrasound and a hysteroscopy. An x-ray of the uterus might also be necessary.

Recovery Period

Recovery time can vary from person to person but in most cases, it could take a few weeks to a month before full recovery. Menstrual period can again begin within 4 to 6 weeks after the miscarriage. Pregnancy hormones also remain in the blood for up to 2 months. More than the physical aspect of it, miscarriages often have a bigger emotional impact. If you are the mother, you could experience depression as you go through the different stages of grief. Get as much support as possible. Tell your health care provider not just about the physical changes you’re experiencing but emotional changes too.

In time, when you are ready, you and your partner can decide to try to get pregnant again.

Your Gynecologist’s Secrets in Relieving Period Cramps

Your Gynecologist’s Secrets in Relieving Period Cramps

Your Gynecologist’s Secrets in Relieving Period Cramps

For some people, cramps are a regular hindrance that bothers them every month. If you are one of these people, you are probably dreading the days your period rolls in. It can reduce you to an agonized mess, curled up on the couch or unable to get out of bed. Millions of women experience the same misery every month. Even your doctor gets them too! They also used to curse their uterus just like you, but since they know more about the gynecological system more than the average person. They also know how to kick those excruciating period cramps away.

Most gynecologists would tell you the same thing if you ask them how they manage killer cramps. Some of them combine two or three strategies to manage their period cramps. While one strategy can work well enough for some people, combining these cramp-managing strategies offer the best effects.

Secrets in Fighting Against Period Cramps Effectively

Here are the top 6 strategies your gynecologist is likely using to deal with killer period cramps:

  1.  Sex and Orgasms

We can’t deny the fact that sex helps in everything – even with cramps. When you’re on your period, experts recommend sex, both couple and solo play. When you have an orgasm, it increases the blood flow to the uterus, relieving the cramps. Aside from that, orgasms also help release oxytocin and dopamine, which will help with pain and will even help you sleep. It is important to note that if you go for this strategy and you choose to have sexual intercourse with your partner, you must use a condom. Otherwise, ejaculation on the cervix can trigger the release of prostaglandin – an inflammatory compound – which will make the cramps worse.

There are also other ways you can utilize heat to make yourself feel better during your period. Make yourself a cup of hot tea to help yourself relax. Herbal tea, such as chamomile, would be your best bet. You can also take a long warm shower or soak yourself in a hot steamy bath to induce relaxation.

2  Applying Heat

Heat is an effective way to relieve those period cramps – just make sure you don’t burn yourself. Applying heat in your lower abdominal area will help relax your uterine muscles. The more relaxed your uterus is, the less cramping you’d have to go through. You can apply a hot water bag on your lower abdomen when your cramps are at its worse. Just make sure that your skin doesn’t come in contact with the hot water bag directly. You can also use heating pads or tiger balm in order to apply the heat.

3.  Hormonal Birth Control

Birth control based on hormones such as pills and hormonal IUD will work wonders for your period cramps. These birth control options keep the lining of the uterus from thickening normally which shortens your period. This means fewer cramps in terms of occurrence and lesser intensity too. If you are looking for a new birth control option, using hormonal birth control pills could be the answer – and it can end your cramp-filled agony too. Just make sure to consult your doctor to know which birth control option would be ideal for you.

4.  Sweat Sessions

Sweating it out is also one of the strategies which can help you get rid of period cramps for good. A sweat session will produce more endorphins to boost your mood, metabolize your prostaglandins and it will also help your uterine muscles to loosen up. Staying active all throughout the month will do wonders not only for your figure but for the quality of your period as well. However, even if you do not have a regular workout regimen, you can still try to do something. Yoga, taking a walk, biking, stretching and other low-intensity exercises are excellent options as well.

5.  Diet Adjustments

One of the strategies that is effective against abdominal cramps includes making some changes in your diet. Get rid of the alcohol or at least keep your alcohol intake to a minimum, and stay away from salt. Instead, grab a water cooler and stay hydrated especially during your period. It will work wonders towards lessening your uterine cramps. Think of when you go on a run when you are dehydrated. You will be more likely to get a calf cramp in the middle of running. The same thing happens to your uterine muscles when you don’t get enough hydration. This is one of the reasons why some cramps are more intense than others.

Try to drink a lot of water, and feel the difference. It would also help if you reduce your alcohol and caffeine consumption a week before your period starts. These two will dehydrate you! Have you noticed how many times you need to go to the bathroom whenever you drink a lot of caffeine or alcohol? You should be hydrating instead of dehydrating yourself. Try to watch what you eat too, and go for healthier options whenever you can prior and during your period. When you’re on your period, you are likely to crave for salty food like fries and potato chips (on top of your ice cream and chocolate cravings). You might also be tempted to down several cans of beer to ease your cramps. Despite your cravings, stay away from these dehydrating stuff and stick to healthy food, at least until your period is over.

6.  NSAIDs

NSAIDs are anti-inflammatory medications that can work to relieve your cramps. It would be a good idea to take an NSAID like ibuprofen even before the cramps start. If you plan to do this, it would be best to keep track of your cycle so you will know when your period will start. You can try to take a dose of ibuprofen every eight hours a day before your period is set to start to stop the inflammation before it begins. A lot of people are already depending on NSAIDs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to deal with their cramps. If taking medications on a regular basis does not appeal to you, you can always go with the more ‘natural’ strategies in controlling your uterine cramps.

One of these strategies could work for you and if not, you can always try to combine two to three of the strategies until you find the right combination that is the most effective and convenient for you. For more information, you can always contact your gynecologist so that you would be guided accordingly.

https://www.womenshealthmag.com/health/period-cramps/slide/4

25 Reasons To Exercise Now

25 Reasons To Exercise Now

The benefits of moving more during pregnancy begin immediately and last your whole life. Your baby will start reaping the benefits in utero, too. Here’s a laundry list of reasons to start exercising today.

  1. Builds confidence
  2. Increases energy
  3. Helps control weight
  4. Reduces risk of heart disease
  5. Improves mental health and mood
  6. Strengthens bones and muscles
  7. Reduces risk of some cancers
  8. Leads to better sleep at night
  9. Decreases stress and worry
  10. Helps your body manage and maintain insulin levels
  11. Sharpens thinking, learning, and judgement skills
  12. Improves sexual function
  13. Increases longevity odds
  14. Reduces risk of falls
  15. Teaches you breathing techniques that can be used during labor & birth
  16. Reduce pregnancy discomforts and pains
  17. Speed up post-delivery recovery
  18. May lower odds of requiring a caesarean section delivery
  19. Labor and delivery time may be quicker
  20. Boost the “feel good” chemicals in your body
  21. Improves posture
  22. May prevent gestational diabetes
  23. May lower odds of delivery complications
  24. Lowers blood pressure
  25. Fights fatigue

Talking to Your Doctor When …

Talking to Your Doctor When …

Talking to Your Doctor When You’re a Victim of Domestic Violence

Most doctors often ask female patients if they are in pain. This is a common routine that most – if not all – patients already expect. However, it also serves another purpose, one that not everyone might expect. You might also be surprised to know that this simple question can even unveil domestic abuse cases.

If you are someone who is suffering from domestic abuse and you are having a lot of difficulty talking to someone about it, your doctor can be your confidante. You might be afraid to tell someone because of the possible consequences of your revelation but for your own health and safety, you should talk to your doctor.

Doctors’ Sixth Sense

You might be perplexed when your doctor looks like he or she is trying to dig deeper into your pain and the causes of it. Physicians tend to do that when they sense that there’s something wrong. It might even look like they have a six sense, in the way they can sense that something is wrong.

Doctors are encouraged by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force to screen for domestic abuse in patients. It may not be a mandatory but most doctors often go the extra mile to dig deeper and investigate. Physicians have clinical radars that can detect signs of domestic violence even when those signs don’t show up on electronic tests and records.

Sometimes, women deny everything when doctors question them about domestic violence. However, doctors can sense that domestic violence may be in the picture upon physical examination. If the patient frequently returns to the clinic, exhibiting signs of depression, bruises and complaints of insomnia, the physician will undoubtedly be alarmed. If you are having all these symptoms, you can expect that your doctor will follow up with you.

Pain and Domestic Violence

Some patients may only be complaining of pain and doctors can deduct domestic abuse. For instance, if a patient complains of pelvic pain and tests show further signs of physical abuse, doctors can get suspicious. Pelvic pain could involve a broken spleen or injury in the kidneys and other organs. Your doctor will ask you the right questions, gauge your reaction and try his or her best to get you to open up about the issue. Only when you do so can you get the help that you need.

It could take more than one visit to the doctor before most domestic abuse victims could manage to let their guard down and admit that they are victims of domestic violence. If this case applies to you, you might be scared but know that your physician is not trying to be intrusive, but is trying to help. Once you acknowledge this and start to open up, you can be referred to social workers and all the resources you need that could help you get through your situation.

Your Doctor Can Be Your Protector

You could be looking for a way to tell someone about your condition and to your dismay, your abusive partner accompanies you to your doctor’s appointment, presumably to make sure you are kept silent. Your partner may mask it as a way to dote on you, but don’t be deceived. It can also be another way to exercise their control over you.

There are several things that you can do. You can request to speak privately to your doctor or you can try to find a number that you can call. Some of these numbers can be found in places where you can’t be followed by your partner, such as the bathroom.

Remember that if you decide to tell your doctor about the abuse, it will be recorded in your medical records, unless you tell your doctor that you are concerned about your partner asking questions and demanding to see your electronic records. Your doctor can find a way to document information on your records in a way that only medical professionals can understand.

When to Report Domestic Abuse

Your doctor will have to eventually step up and report the abuse that you are going through to the authorities if you are reluctant and afraid to do it yourself. Doctors are urged by the American Medical Association to investigate and report abuse. When doctors are aware that domestic abuse is taking place, they should report it according to local laws.

It is likely that your physician will talk to you and explain why and how this step needs to be done.

You can also seek help from social workers and various domestic violence assistance centers near you. These centers have experts that have been trained and are well-versed in the steps on how you can escape from domestic violence. They will help you prepare and be ready to break free from your abuser.

If You Are Still Hesitating, Here’s What You Can Do

Talk to your doctor. Your doctor will support you and will be glad to help. Most victims are afraid of being judged but know that your doctor won’t judge you. We understand that you can feel shameful, fearful, lonely and isolated. We can even help you come up with a safety plan. This includes preparing your emergency packet with your personal documents and cash, a safe place for shelter or help you to signal other people when you’re in an emergency. You will also be provided with the hotlines that you can call. Your doctor won’t force you to leave your partner when you are not ready.

Domestic violence happens everywhere. It’s a common problem in the society today. In fact, 32 million Americans are affected by it today. Though many people think that the usual victims are uneducated women in poor areas, it isn’t always the case. It doesn’t choose its victims according to age, race or social and economic status. Its occurrence is not even limited to women, as men can be victims of domestic abuse too. If you are in this situation, don’t continue to endure while living in fear and pain. Every situation in every domestic violence case may be different but experts, such as your doctor and social workers can help you with it. People will help and support you, so have courage and seek help. You can live a happy life free from abuse and pain.

Sports and Women’s Health

Sports and Women’s Health

If you are a woman and you are contemplating on doing sports, there might be some things that you can’t help but wonder about with regards to your health. For sure, there are so many health benefits that women can enjoy from doing sports but if you are a health-conscious person.

Most women who are already active in sports will want to know the benefits it offers as well as the possible problems and risks that they might encounter if they continue doing sports. There are a lot of things you should know about, that’s for certain.

Benefits of Doing Sports

Sports and Women’s HealthSports makes a really enjoyable and productive exercise. It will not only give you the energy and fitness that you need, it will also hone your physical skills and make you feel good inside and out. It’s great for the body and is equally awesome for the mind. Sports will also open many doors for socialization, hence you can meet new friends, compete have fun and have a healthy social life too. If you want to lose weight or tone up your body the way you want to, playing sports is also a more pleasing way to achieve your goals. However, it can also cause some health issues if you are not careful. What are the health problems connected to sports that you should be wary about?

 

Health Problems Associated With Sports

Playing sports when you are a full-grown woman can be quite different when you do it as a child or as a teenager. It will also have a different effect if you are suddenly actively doing sports when you are elderly. For girls, they usually play sports while their bodies are growing and changing. Because of this, girls are more prone to injury because their bodies are not fully developed yet. Their intense physical activities will also impact the level of their hormones. This means that the impact will be huge because hormones like estrogen and progesterone which regulates the menstrual cycle are also affected. Aside from that, strenuous activities can affect your estrogen levels, which in turn will affect your bones, your period and your physical development.

Girls who play sports competitively should be extra careful because usually, there’s an issue of their weight. Competitive athletes are usually receiving pressure from parents and coach regarding their weight because they want the girl to succeed in whatever sports they are doing. This can cause disorders in eating.

Eating Problems

When people try to lose weight, their way of eating sometimes become disordered. This is referred to as disordered eating. This can come in many forms such as extreme diets, use of laxatives and diuretics, fasting, skipping meals, and even forcing themselves to vomit after eating. However, this should not be confused with eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia. While it is not quite on the same level as these eating disorders, these disordered eating symptoms can be serious and can eventually lead to the previously mentioned eating disorders.

 

The Female Athlete Triad

There are 3 common problems that are usually found in young women playing sports. This includes weight loss and being underweight, usually because of disordered eating, irregular periods and weak bones. These three are commonly referred to as the ‘Female Athlete Triad’. Since estrogen, weight and bone density is closely tied together in women, doing sports too much can lead to these problems. When a young woman tries to lose weight in order to be in her best form for her sport, this will cause her to lose not just fat but also body muscle mass. When this happens, the body will compensate the energy loss by reducing estrogen levels. This will, in turn, weaken the bones and is dangerous in sports as the woman will be at risk for fractures. The immune system can also take a bad beating at this rate.

Symptoms of the Female Athlete Triad

There are symptoms that you should watch out for. If you have these symptoms you ought to see a professional. The symptoms you should watch out for include irregular periods, weight loss and other drastic weight changes, extreme or constant tiredness, obsession with weight, stress fractures, guilt feelings on days you skip exercising, limiting your food intake, fasting, and other disordered eating behavior.

You should also watch your menstrual cycle carefully. If your menstruation comes with a gap of lesser than 21 days or more than 45 days, you should be alarmed. Another warning would be periods that last longer than one week. If your period used to be regular and has become irregular since you took up sports, you should also be wary. If you haven’t had a period in more than 3 months, you should really get properly checked by a doctor.

A strong indication of poor bone mass is frequent stress fractures. Bone mass is the amount of healthy tissue in your bones. Not having your period and not eating properly is the best way for you to slowly lose your bones. You should really be concerned when you are experiencing these symptoms. It is best to consult your doctor as soon as possible because inappropriate levels of estrogen can permanently impact your reproductive health. This means it could be difficult for you to get pregnant later. As if that’s not enough, when your bone density is pretty low, your bones will get fractured easily and you might even develop osteoporosis.

 

How To Stay Healthy Despite Being Active in Sports

Even without these symptoms, it’s always a good idea to visit your doctor periodically. You can ask your doctor about the best weight for you. When you know what your ideal weight is, you should stick to it and you must make sure that you would never go below that number. Make sure that you are eating appropriate foods. Seek help when you feel that you are having disordered eating – it’s the best way to cut an eating disorder in the bud even before it starts showing that it’s a menace. Pay attention to your menstrual period, record if possible and report to your doctor if there are some changes. There is usually no need for anyone to stop playing sports just because of these problems. Usually, change in activity level and eating habits will do the trick.